The Best Way to Brew Coffee (Based on Roasts) | Coffee Gator

The Best Way to Brew Coffee Based on Coffee Roasts

on August 03, 2021
Close up of coffee brewing gadgets on wooden bar counter

Coffee comes in many different varieties, but did you know that there are also numerous brewing methods? If you’re feeling overwhelmed with the number of options to prepare your cup of joe, don’t stress about it! In this article, we’ll talk about the best way to brew coffee based on the roast profile. Let's get started!

 

How Many Different Types of Coffee Roasts Are There?

Before we get into the various coffee making methods, let’s briefly talk about the different types of coffee roasts. Within the realm of coffee, you’ll find that there are many names used for each of the roast profiles; this is because there’s no industry standard in terms of naming conventions. However, there are generally four different types of coffee roasts: light, medium, medium-dark, and dark.

Feel free to check out our light, medium, and dark Air-Roasted Coffee Beans if you’re looking to try something new!

 

What is the Difference Between Different Coffee Roasts?

Coffee roasts differ in various aspects, such as color, taste, acidity, bitterness, sheen, caffeine content, and roasting temperature. To help you get a quick glimpse of these different coffee characteristics, we’ve summarized each roast profile below using tables.

 

What is Light Roast Coffee?

Color

Light brown

Taste

Mild, toasted, fruity with strong aftertaste, light body

Acidity

High

Bitterness

Low

Sheen

Dry, dull, no oil on surface

Caffeine Content per Scoop

High

Peak Roasting Temperature

180°C – 205°C (356°F – 401°F)


What is Medium Roast Coffee?

Color

Medium brown

Taste

Sweet, aromatic, full-bodied with strong aftertaste

Acidity

Medium-high

Bitterness

Low

Sheen

Dry, dull, no oil on surface

Caffeine Content per Scoop

Medium

Peak Roasting Temperature

210°C – 224°C (410°F – 435°F)


What is Medium-dark Roast Coffee?

Color

Dark chestnut

Taste

Rich, bittersweet, bright, aromatic, full-bodied

Acidity

Medium-low

Bitterness

Medium

Sheen

Some oil on surface

Caffeine Content per Scoop

Medium

Peak Roasting Temperature

225 – 234°C (437 – 454°F)


What is Dark Roast Coffee?

Color

Dark brown to black

Taste

Burnt, smoky, small taste of spice

Acidity

Low

Bitterness

High

Sheen

Oily

Caffeine Content per Scoop

Low

Peak Roasting Temperature

239 – 246°C (462 – 474°F)


For more information about the different types of coffee roasts, check out Part 1 and Part 2 of our Beginner’s Guide to Types of Coffee Roast.

 

What Roast of Coffee Has the Most Caffeine?

While dark roast coffee beans have a tendency to taste stronger, this doesn’t mean that they have the highest caffeine content. In fact, some people even say that light roast coffee beans have the most caffeine. 

Despite what you hear, the caffeine content of your cup of coffee actually depends on a number of factors, such as the brewing method, grind size, and type of measurement (weight vs. volume).

Cold brew coffee with milk on white wooden table

 

Ways to Brew Coffee (Based on the Roast)

As we mentioned earlier, the best coffee brewing method depends on the roast profile; this is because each type of roast has a different extraction level when brewed. 

During the brewing process, chemical compounds from the coffee beans are extracted: first, the compounds that create fruity and acidic tastes are extracted first, then sugars that are responsible for sweet flavors, and then the compounds that give off bitterness. So when you prepare your coffee, it’s important to brew for the ideal amount of time!

If you’re looking for the best way to brew coffee, here’s a list of the 4 best coffee brewing methods according to roast profile:

 

  • Light roast: Light roast coffee beans are usually brewed slowly using a pour-over method. This is the preferred way to brew light roasts because they’re less porous than dark ones and therefore have a slower extraction time. To get the clean, full-bodied taste and subtle flavors of pour-over coffee, all you need is the ideal coffee beans, coffee filters, boiling water, and a pour-over container!
  • Medium roast: Medium roast coffee beans are prepared best using a cold brew method. Cold brews are perfect for those who don’t like a lot of acidity and bitterness but love a cup of smooth and sweet coffee. To make a cold brew, all you need is cold water in a cold brew coffee maker, French press, or mason jar (anything with a lid).
  • Medium-dark roast: Medium-dark roast coffee beans are often brewed using a French press. French press coffee is ideal for those who like a smooth, silky, full-bodied cup of joe. However, just be sure to only use coarse grounds to avoid sludge at the bottom of your cup. To make French press coffee, all you need is your coffee grounds, a French press, and some hot water!
  • Dark roast: If you’re wondering how to make dark roast coffee taste better, then use an espresso maker! Dark roast coffee beans brewed this way give off a smooth, toasted, and concentrated flavor with minimal acidity. To make your ideal cup of dark roast espresso, all you need is your favorite brand of coffee and an espresso maker.

The Best Way to Brew Coffee: Key Takeaways

It’s true that some brewing methods are preferred over others for certain roast profiles, but this doesn’t mean you can’t experiment on your own. In fact, the perfect cup of coffee is subjective! So whether you like a cup of light roast espresso or medium roast French press, the choice is completely yours. And if you want to tweak your brewing recipe a bit more, feel free to try different grind sizes, water temperatures, and brewing times too! 


Contributing Writer: Rebecca Lee

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